It is common knowledge that funding of Education in Nigeria, as in other developing countries, has not only been unsatisfactory but has also been dwindling, particularly, over the past 15-20 years. This trend is attributable to the prevailing negative economic climate. Consequently, Budgetary allocations to institutions can barely meet recurrent expenditures, with very limited funds available for capital expenditure, teaching and research. As a result of these constraints, the ability to support the conduct of high-quality scientific research has been seriously compromised. The combined effect of a depressed economy and a non-conducive work environment has resulted in the flight of an alarming number of highly-qualified Nigerian experts, in fields ranging from health and sciences to engineering and information technology to developed countries.
This has resulted in the reduction of the quantity and quality of human capital necessary for sustainable development – a phenomenon commonly described as “brain-drain”. To illustrate the severity of this problem, a 1993 UN Development Program report showed that 21,000 Nigerian doctors work in the United States, yet Nigeria's own health care system suffers from a serious shortage of trained personnel.There is a dire need for Nigerian higher education institutions to establish partnerships with institutions and agencies in developed countries, in order for Nigeria to participate actively in a globalized world. A number of factors which currently impede efforts at establishing linkage/partnership programs include:
- Poor personnel motivation
- Poor ICT facilities and most importantly,
- Bureaucracy associated with governmental control structures.